Diwali is based on the epic of Ramayana. The festival is celebrated as a commemoration of the day that Rama returned to Ayodhya after a 14 years of exile. The occasion of Diwali is also known as the festival of lights. It is one of the biggest festivals in the country and on Diwali night one can find all the houses lighted up with candles and diyas. The celebration symbolizes the victory of light over darkness and people celebrate it with crackers and fireworks.
Ancient Indian literature is renowned all over the world for its Vedic literature and the two great epics, the Mahabharata and the Ramayana. In the story of Ramayana, the king of Ayodhya king Rama was exiled to the forests for 14 years. He went with his wife Sita and brother Lakhsmana, when Sita got kidnapped by Ravana, the demon king of Lanka. And after rescuing Sita and defeating Ravana, Rama returned to Ayodhya. The people of Ayodhya decorated all their homes and streets with bright lights in order to grandly welcome Rama. The occasion came to be known as Diwali and has been celebrated ever since all over the subcontinent of India.
Diwali is celebrated on new moon night or the 15th day of the month of Kartik in the Hindu calendar. The festival is also significant of the victory of light over darkness, and people celebrate the occasion by decorating their homes and surroundings with rows of glowing candles, traditional diyas or other artificial lights and lighting them up at night. Diwali literally translates from Sanskrit as a “row of lights” and on the day of the festival, all villages, towns and cities around the country can be seen shining and covered with bright lights.
Diwali season is a busy time for everyone in the country with people buying Diwali decoration items, Diwali sweets and Diwali gifts hamper. People also start cleaning up their homes and premises to renovate them weeks and even months in advance of the festival. Diwali also marks the beginning of the Indian New year and it is symbolic of new beginnings. The day is also considered to be auspicious to make fresh arrangements or start new business ventures and purchase of new items.
Other significant features of the festival are Diwali crackers or Diwali fireworks. Whenever we think of the festival, the first impression that comes to our minds is that of loud and bright fireworks, lighting up the night sky in a flurry of brightly colored lights. Since the festival is celebrated on the dark night of Amavasya, lights and fireworks have a significant role to play in the celebrations. The fireworks and lights is considered as a signs of obeisance to the heavens above, and people are showing their joy and gratitude for the blessings of the gods when they burst Deepavali crackers and light up their homes and surroundings.
Besides the lights and fireworks, Diwali gifts is also a main part of festival traditions. The gifts are symbolic of greetings and best wishes for the festival and the upcoming New Year. The exchange of gifts is deemed quite important in Indian traditions that people send Diwali gifts online or through other courier services for their loved ones in faraway places.